Candidate for fully permeable shoulder retrofit validation site
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Framework for Airfields.
For many years, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has taken measures to improve safety, enhance
efficiency, reduce cost, and improve the sustainability of the infrastructure of US
airfields, including the use of life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA) to quantify and
reduce the economic cost of expanding and preserving the airfield system. However, efforts
to address sustainability are incomplete if the efficiency of finite resource use—such as
energy use—and environmental impacts—such as air, water, and land pollution—are not
considered. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is an approach that can identify and
quantify the life cycle resource use and environmental impacts of an infrastructure
system such as an airfield.
The UCPRC has developed Guidelines for Life-Cycle Assessment of Airfield Pavements and Other
Airside Features, a document that can support the FAA’s capacity to consider environmental
impacts in decision making. The guidelines include recommendations for all phases of LCA, including
goal and scope definition, life cycle inventory development, impact assessment, interpretation, critical
review, and reporting. It is expected that these guidelines will be updated as experience is
gained from airfield LCA studies.
The use of the LCA guidelines and framework has been demonstrated using four case studies
with the help of O’Hare International Airport (Chicago), Logan International
Airport (Boston), Nashville International Airport, and J. F. Kennedy International
Airport (New York). The study was funded by FAA and the project report is
currently under FAA review.